Spišská Nová Ves

„Zipser Neudorf“



Spišská Nová Ves


Spišská Nová Ves (deutsch (Zipser) Neu(en)dorf, ungarisch Igló) ist eine der größten Städte in der Ostslowakei, südöstlich der Hohen Tatra und liegt in der traditionellen Region Zips (Spiš). Die Stadt ist die Hauptstadt des gleichnamigen Bezirks.
Spišská Nová Ves
Wappen Karte
Wappen von Spišská Nová Ves
Spišská Nová Ves (Slowakei)
Spišská Nová Ves
Spišská Nová Ves
Staat: Slowakei
Kraj: Košický kraj
Okres: Spišská Nová Ves
Region: Spiš
Fläche: 66,671 km˛
Einwohner: 37.948 (31. Dez. 2011)
Bevölkerungsdichte: 569,18 Einwohner je km˛
Höhe: 430 m n.m.
Postleitzahl: 052 01
Telefonvorwahl: 0 53
Geographische Lage: 48° 57′ N, 20° 34′ O48.94444444444420.562777777778430Koordinaten: 48° 56′ 40″ N, 20° 33′ 46″ O (Karte)
Kfz-Kennzeichen: SN
Kód obce: 526355
Gemeindeart: Stadt
Gliederung Stadtgebiet: 2 Stadtteile
Verwaltung (Stand: Januar 2011)
Bürgermeister: Ján Volný
Adresse: Mestský úrad Spišská Nová Ves
Radničné námestie 7
052 80 Spišská Nová Ves
Webpräsenz: www.spisskanovaves.eu


Bekannt als Sehenswürdigkeiten in der Umgebung sind die Zipser Burg und der Nationalpark Slowakisches Paradies.


Die Stadt ist ein alter Siedlungsplatz (Jungsteinzeit, Großmähren). Spätestens im 12. Jahrhundert stand an der Stelle der heutigen Stadt die slowakische Siedlung Iglov. Im 13. Jahrhundert gründeten in ihrer unmittelbaren Nachbarschaft deutsche Siedler die Ortschaft Neudorf. In der 2. Hälfte des 13. Jahrhundert sind beide Siedlungen verschmolzen. Die deutsche Bevölkerungsmehrheit wurde im 19. Jahrhundert von einer slowakischen abgelöst.

Im 14. Jahrhundert entwickelte sich aus der Siedlung eine wichtige Stadt mit Marktrecht. Seit 1380 ist sie offiziell Bergbaustadt. Die Stadt hatte den größten Straßenmarkt der Slowakei. Sie war Mitglied der Bruderschaft der 24 königlichen Pfarrer, des Bundes der 24 Zipser Städte, war unter den 13 in den Jahren 1412-1772 an Polen verpfändeten Städten und seit 1778 Hauptstadt der Provinz der 16 Zipser Städte (Details siehe unter Zips).


Die ursprüngliche slowakische Siedlung hieß Iglow (übersetzt etwa „Nadelhausen“, von der schmalen Form der Siedlung abgeleitet). Die benachbarte deutsche Siedlung hieß Nova Villa (1268, deutsch „Neudorf“ - erster Quellenbeleg) oder (ungarisch) Igloszasza (1279, deutsch „Sächsisches Iglow“).

Nach der Verschmelzung beider Siedlungen (1380 wurde Iglow alio nomine Nova Villa erwähnt), wurde die Siedlung in einigen lateinischen Dokumenten noch im 15. Jahrhundert sowohl Neudorf als auch Iglow (später nur Iglovia) genannt, in ungarischen Dokumenten setzte sich die vom Iglov abgeleitete Form Igló durch, in deutschen die Form Newendorf (später Neudorf, noch später auch Zipser Neudorf). In slowakischen Texten wurde spätestens seit dem 18. Jahrhundert eine Übersetzung des deutschen Namens verwendet (1786 Nowa Wes, deutsch „Neudorf“; seit 1920 Spišská Nová Ves, deutsch „Zipser Neudorf“).

Liste der Städte in der Slowakei



Spišská Nová Ves


Spišská Nová Ves (About this sound pronunciation; German: (Zipser) Neu(en)dorf; Hungarian: Igló; Polish: Nowa Wieś Spiska; is a town in the Košice Region of Slovakia. The town is located southeast of the High Tatras in the Spiš region, and lies on both banks of the Hornád River. It is the biggest town of the Spišská Nová Ves District (okres). As of 2006 the population was 38,357.


Settlement in the town's region dates to the Neolithic age. There is evidence of a prosperous society that was familiar with copper mining and processing. When the Celts arrived they brought with them advanced iron technology. Celtic coins have been found in the region. During the 6th century, the period known as the Great Migration, Slavic tribes appeared in the Spiš region. During the 10th century the structure of their settlements stabilized and important communication roads were established. The settlement was included within the state of Great Moravia. By the 12th century at the latest a Slovak settlement had been established known as Iglov, situated between Mlynská street (Mill Street) and the Reduta, in the centre of the present town. The settlement suffered greatly from the invading Tartars in the 13th century. Saxon (Carpathian German) colonists were settled here in the 13th century and their settlement became known as "Villa Nova” ("New Town" in Latin) or "Neudorf" ("New Town" in German), covering the area of the present town. Iglov and Neudorf were amalgamated into one town in the second half of the 13th century.

The town received market rights in the 14th century and grew to become an important market town. It became an official mining town in 1380 and had the largest street market in the Kingdom of Hungary. Copper mining was an important activity. The metal was processed in furnaces, which were fuelled with wood from the surrounding forests. A Gothic bell foundry was established by Konrád Gaal who made a large hanging bell for Louis I of Hungary, and was consequently knighted in 1357. The bells made by Konrád Gaal are still hanging and form an important conlegacy of European Gothic metal foundry.

In 1412 Spišská Nová Ves, along with several other Spiš towns, was pawned as loan security by the Hungarian king Sigmund to the Polish king Vladislaus II Jagiełło. This pledge lasted for 360 years.

Blacksmiths were the first local craftsmen to unite into a guild, which was given royal privileges in 1436. They smelted their own ore, or built water-driven forges along the rivers Hornád and Dubnica. Coppersmiths made kettles of a specifically defined weight because kettles were widely used as a means of payment. There were charcoal burners and even resin pickers who collected resin from trees to produce tar for greasing wagons. There were wheelwrights, coopers, weavers, joiners, gunsmiths, basketmakers, bakers, furriers, tanners, cooks and millers, hunters, fishermen and beekeepers.

There were many Germans living in Spiš and through their influence the town became Lutheran in the 1540s. Between 1569 and 1674 Catholic services were forbidden in the pawned towns. There were many contacts with Poland and this helped to stimulate the national consciousness of the Slovak people. The pawned towns were returned to the Kingdom of Hungary in 1772. In 1778 Spišská Nová Ves became the capital of the "Province of 16 Szepes towns".

In the 19th century the manufacture of stoneware was important in the town. The products all bore a trademark formed from the word “Iglo” with two crossed miners’ hammers. Other industrial activities included oil production and a weaving plant as well as agricultural machines. The railway provided an important means of communication from 1870. A power station was built in 1894 and living conditions improved. In July 1929 the Podtatranská výstava (Sub-Tatras Exhibition) showed results of economic growth and made the town famous in Slovakia.


According to the 2001 census, the town had 39,193 inhabitants. 94.21% of inhabitants were Slovaks, 1.93% Roma and 0.51% Czechs.[1] The religious makeup was 69.81% Roman Catholics, 16.95% people with no religious affiliation, 3.17% Lutherans and 3.05% Greek Catholics.[1]


Spišská Nová Ves railway station is a junction between the Košice–Žilina railway, which is part of Slovakia's main east-west rail corridor, and a 12 km (7.5 mi) spur line to Levoča. Regular passenger services on the spur line have been suspended since 2003.

Spišská Nová Ves railway station


Spišská Nová Ves railway station (Slovak: Železničná stanica Spišská Nová Ves) serves the town and municipality of Spišská Nová Ves, in the Košice Region, eastern Slovakia.

Opened in 1871, the station is a junction between the Košice–Žilina railway, which is part of Slovakia's main east-west rail corridor, and a 12 km (7.5 mi) spur line to Levoča.


Spišská Nová Ves railway station is situated at J. Fabiniho, northwest of the town centre.


The station was opened on 12 December 1871, upon the inauguration of the Poprad–Spišská Nová Ves section of the Košice–Bohumín Railway.

Soon afterwards, on 12 March 1872, the next section of that railway was completed, between Spišská Nová Ves and Kysak.

The spur line to Levoča was opened on 8 November 1892.[1]

Regular passenger services on the spur line were suspended in February 2003, despite protests from residents and local officials, especially in Levoča. Only a handful of Marian pilgrim trains have operated as passenger trains on the line since then, but freight traffic has continued.[1]

Spišská Nová Ves railway station (Slovakia)


Spišská Nová Ves–Levoča railway


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Spišská Nová Ves




Spišská Nová Ves

Satellite Map - October 2012